Exodus Case: Fire and Brimstone

Exodus Case: Fire and Brimstone

“The sun had risen over the earth when Lot came to Zoar. Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven, and He overthrew those cities, and all the valley, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground.” Gen. 19:23-25

As promised, we now will offer a summary of our study concerning the evidence found which backs the Biblical text above concerning the fire and brimstone that fell from heaven, upon the cities and her inhabitants. Again, a primary source for this summary will be Lennart Moller’s excellent book, The Exodus Case.



· The southwestern end of the Dead Sea area seems to have been exposed to falling burning sulfur with “sulfur balls” still located in this area. This area is raised and differs from its surroundings. The outer perimeter of this site is limestone while the central area is dominated by gypsum.

· Limestone when exposed to burning sulfur forms gypsum.

· This site seems to correspond to the biblical texts and Josephus’ writings indicating where Sodom and Gomorrah were located.

· There is ample evidence of the sulfur balls melting into the limestone and then being encased. Through erosion, these sulfur balls have become visible and resemble a white-ish citrus fruit, just as the author Josephus noted some 1900 years ago in his writings.

· The area surrounding this site is completely different in appearance and contains no sulfur balls indicating a very localized event.

· The ash-like substance that covers this site consists of a mixture of limestone, dolomite, and gypsum. There is also a high proportion of fine grained sulfur.

· This sulfur differs completely from the sulfur found near volcanoes or fossils, again an indication this is not a “naturally” found sulfur.

· Melted metal samples of pure iron have been discovered here. Pure metal discovered in nature is almost always of human origin. Evidence for human activity in this area as the Bible has clearly stated. (Remember, some scholars dispute whether there was human activity at this locale.)

· Fragments formed in the shape of skeletal remains have also been found in this area. Scientific testing has determined these fragments to have been exposed to very high temperatures and have disintegrated in the manner in which skeletal remains do when exposed to said high temperatures. More evidence for human activity.

· Chemical analyses of the fragments for fluorine, calcium, and magnesium support the hypothesis by Moller that these really are skeletal remains.


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